The Khartoum Process is a platform for political cooperation amongst the countries along the migration route between the Horn of Africa and Europe.

Also known as the EU-Horn of Africa Migration Route Initiative, the inter-continental consultation framework aims at: 

  • establishing a continuous dialogue for enhanced cooperation on migration and mobility
  • Identifying and implementing concrete projects to address trafficking in human beings and the smuggling of migrants 
  • giving a new impetus to the regional collaboration between countries of origin, transit and destination regarding the migration route between the Horn of Africa and Europe.

The objectives of the Khartoum Process

The Dialogue seeks to create: 

a common understanding of human trafficking and smuggling of migrants

opportunities for balanced partnership
a spirit of shared responsibility and enhanced cooperation

A focus on human trafficking and people smuggling

As per the Rome Declaration, the main focus of the dialogue is fighting human trafficking and people smuggling.

A mechanism to monitor the Valletta Action Plan

At the Valletta Summit on migration on 11-12 November 2015, the Khartoum Process has been mandated to monitor the implementation of the initiatives and actions under the Valletta Action Plan for the period 2016-2018. Read more about the role of the Khartoum Process in monitoring the Valletta Action Plan.