The Khartoum Process is a platform for political cooperation amongst the countries along the migration route between the Horn of Africa and Europe. It aims at establishing a continuous dialogue for enhanced cooperation on migration and mobility. The process also seeks to support member states in identifying and implementing concrete projects to address trafficking in human beings and the smuggling of migrants . Additionally, the Khartoum Process gives a new impetus to the regional collaboration between countries of origin, transit and destination regarding the migration route between the Horn of Africa and Europe.
The following countries are signatories of the Declaration of the Ministerial Conference of the Khartoum Process, also known as the Rome Declaration:
Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kenya, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Sudan, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Tunisia and United Kingdom*.
Since this Declaration, Libya was also invited as a Member of the Khartoum Process upon the establishment of a Government of National Accord, and Norway, Switzerland and Uganda have also become Members of the Process.
*Note: The UK has withdrawn from the European Union (EU) on 31 January 2020 and is no longer a Member State of the EU.
For more on the Khartoum Process Actors and Governance, please click here.
Khartoum Process Thematic Meeting on the Protection of Women and Girls on the Move, Stockholm, September 2018
On 19 and 20 June 2018, the Netherlands, with Ethiopia as co-host, hosted a Khartoum Process thematic meeting on “Awareness Raising Campaigns” in the Hague. Awareness raising campaigns addressing prospective irregular migration are an increasingly popular tool with both European and African governments.