As part of the Khartoum Process, Expertise France is implementing the first regional project, « Addressing Mixed Migration Flows in East Africa», to support the efforts of East African States to improve the management of migration flows through their territories. In the account below, Laurent GROSBOIS, Project director from Expertise France details its activities in the region over the course of this year.
The approach of Expertise France is based on a series of specific country statements carried out by the Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat (RMMS ). These reports focused on the capacities of action and coordination of the public agencies fighting against migrant smuggling and human trafficking phenomena. From the reports, a series of recommendations were drawn up to optimising public resources used in the collection, sharing and management of information on cross-border criminal networks as well as on the needs to strengthen inter-service coordination on this issue.
On investigation, information sharing and coordination: a regional approach
On 14th May 2017, 28 law enforcement and judicial officials from 7 east African countries met in Debre Zeit (Ethiopia) to attend a 5-day regional training organised by Expertise France. Here, European public experts from the Italian Carabinieri Corps, the French Gendarmerie Nationale and the French National Police were able to share methods and techniques of investigation with their east African counterparts. This training allowed the participants to emphasise the crucial role of coordination and information management between public entities in charge of combating migrant smuggling and human trafficking. This regional training was carried out by Expertise France in order to promote better governance practices on the management of borders and migration flows.
National level initiatives:
As part of Expertise France’s approach to connect partner countries, a series of national consultative workshops were organised in November and December 2017 involving public institutions in the fight against migrant smuggling and human trafficking. These workshops fostered the identification of areas of improvement and capacity-building needs in country. Based on the results of the reports produced by the RMMS and of these workshops, the future activities of the project were jointly defined.
A key objective defined by the participants in the various activities carried out since the beginning of the AMMi project is the creation of a pool of national trainers who will be the key actors within their institutions for the transmission of the knowledge acquired during the various training sessions. Thus Expertise France will organise , a training of trainers, bringing together 15 participants from 7 countries within the region from 18 to 22 September 2017 this will take place in Nairobi. This training aims to enable African police experts to be more actively involved in future training activities.
The sharing of knowledge and expertise in country and between countries in the region:
As of the second half of 2017, Expertise France will facilitate country-specific training courses based on the results of aforementioned workshops and regional trainings. These trainings will be developed in close collaboration with the national trainers (also mentioned above) who have benefited from the training of trainers program of September 2017. Following these trainings, peer-to-peer exchanges will be facilitated between the partner countries sharing common issues and borders. This is to strengthen the coordination and operational links to address a cross-border issue with cross-border solutions.
Concluding thoughts on the past year for the AMMi
So far this year, Expertise France has been busily working on specific thematic areas of interest and importance revealed by research and consultations in the region through the AMMi project. The project has equally looked at operational gaps and needs identified both in country and across borders to facilitate coordination and cooperation. Involving both European and Northern/Eastern African states, the action has allowed for regional dialogue facilitated by the Khartoum Process meetings and events as well as national level commitment to fighting human trafficking and smuggling through concrete action.
What is the Addressing Mixed Migration Flows in East Africa project?
Background: Expertise France launched the "Addressing Mixed Migration Flows in East Africa" project on December 23, 2015 – it will run for 36 months.
Funds: 6 million EUR
Donor: The European Union - Development and Cooperation Instrument - Global Public Goods and Challenges.
Scope: The project is based on three priorities:
- The establishment and the reinforcement of migrants reception and information centres
- Support to the fight against human trafficking and smuggling of migrants through better coordination and information management
- Support to Djibouti institutions to implement a national response plan for the protection of unaccompanied minors in the national territory