Addressing Mixed Migration Flows in East Africa (AMMi) is a project funded by the European Union Development and Cooperation Instrument with a total budget of €6 million, implemented in the framework of the Khartoum Process.

It is implemented by Expertise France, in partnership with the International Organization for Migration (IOM), The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) and the Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat (RMMS).

The project runs for 36 months over the period 2016-2019 and covers Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Egypt, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan

AMMF main objectives

  • To set-up and strengthen safe and rights-respectful centres for migrants
  • To tackle organised crime networks active in migrant smuggling and trafficking in human beings
  • To promote the provision of livelihoods and self-reliance opportunities for displaced persons and host communities 

Key activities in the Khartoum Process region to date

  1. Support established centres in Khartoum (Sudan), Obock (Djibouti), Bosasso and Hargeisa (Somalia).
  • Training to MRCs staff and government officials
  • Setting up mobile response teams
  • Provision of quality services
  • Provision of accurate information through awareness-raising
  • Explore the possibility of establishing a new centre  in Gedaref region (Eastern Sudan)
  1. Strengthening the response capacity of national authorities in addressing the needs of migrants in Eastern Africa:
  • Contracts signed with DRC for work in Somalia and Puntland, with kick off meeting held in May 2016
  • Kick-off meeting held in Djibouti in June 2016 with work plans developed
  • Recruitment of project employees underway

A series of ten country statements were produced as part of the AMMi project (available on the Expertise France website). These reports provide an updated overview of migrant smuggling and human trafficking trends and dynamics and the modus operandi of criminal networks involved in facilitating irregular migration.

The reports also highlight the capacity gaps and challenges faced by governments in the region in responding to these phenomena, informing the identification of capacity-building needs in the areas of data collection, analysis and information sharing. The research was funded by the European Commission Directorate General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO) in the context of the EU-Horn of Africa Migration Route Initiative (the Khartoum Process), with technical support from Expertise France.

 (in bold: members of the Khartoum Process)