S’appuyant sur ses travaux antérieurs sur la mobilité liée au climat, et sur sa collaboration avec le Centre international pour le développement des politiques migratoires (ICMPD) dans le cadre du Dialogue euro-africain sur la migration et le développement (Processus de Rabat) sur le rapport intitulé « Événements liés au climat et facteurs de pression sur l’environnement dans la migration en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Nord », le MMC entreprend cette recherche sur le climat et la mobilité dans le cadre de l’Initiative sur la route migratoire UE-Corne de l’Afrique (Processus de Khartoum) dans le but non seulement de mieux comprendre les liens entre le changement climatique et la mobilité dans les pays du processus de Khartoum, mais aussi d’acquérir une compréhension des activités actuelles liées à la mobilité climatique.
Building on its past work on climate-related mobility, and its collaboration with the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) in the framework of the Euro-African Dialogue on Migration and Development (Rabat Process) on the report “Climate-related events and environmental stressors’ roles in driving migration in West and North Africa”, MMC is undertaking this research on climate and mobility within the EU-Horn of Africa Migration Route Initiative (Khartoum Process) with the aim to better understand not only the links between climate change and mobility in Khartoum Process countries, but also to gain an understanding of current activities relating to climate mobility. This briefing paper aims to provide ICMPD and the Khartoum Process Member States with a clear state of play on climate mobility in Khartoum Process countries, in terms of knowledge, understanding, and future projections.
Council of the European Union - Action Oriented Paper on strengthening the EU external dimension on action against trafficking in human beings, (19/ 11/2009- 11450/5/09 REV 5). The aim of the Action Oriented Paper (AOP) is to strengthen the commitment and coordinated action of the EU and the Member States to prevent and fight all forms of trafficking in human beings. This will be done in partnership with third countries, regions and organisations at the international level.
The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, adopted by General Assembly resolution 55/25 of 15 November 2000, is the main international instrument in the fight against transnational organized crime. The Convention is further supplemented by three Protocols, which target specific areas and manifestations of organized crime: the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children; the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air; and the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition. Countries must become parties to the Convention itself before they can become parties to any of the Protocols.
This new Directive reflects the European Union's approach to trafficking, rooted in a gender and human rights perspective, and focused on prevention, prosecution of criminals and protection of victims.