Reference

Council of the European Union - Action Oriented Paper on strengthening the EU external dimension on action against trafficking in human beings, (19/ 11/2009- 11450/5/09 REV 5). The aim of the Action Oriented Paper (AOP) is to strengthen the commitment and coordinated action of the EU and the Member States to prevent and fight all forms of trafficking in human beings. This will be done in partnership with third countries, regions and organisations at the international level.
The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, adopted by General Assembly resolution 55/25 of 15 November 2000, is the main international instrument in the fight against transnational organized crime. The Convention is further supplemented by three Protocols, which target specific areas and manifestations of organized crime: the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children; the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air; and the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition. Countries must become parties to the Convention itself before they can become parties to any of the Protocols.
This new Directive reflects the European Union's approach to trafficking, rooted in a gender and human rights perspective, and focused on prevention, prosecution of criminals and protection of victims.
African and EU leaders adopted a political declaration and a common action plan at the Valletta Summit on migration, in Malta, 12-15 November 2015.
The EU Strategy towards the Eradication of Trafficking in Human Beings, 2012-2016, updated the 2005 EU Ation Plan on best practices, standards and procedures for combatting and preventing trafficking in human beings.
The Ouagadougou Action Plan to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings, Especially Women and Children, was adopted in 2006 and aims at developing co-operation, best practices and mechanisms to prevent and combat trafficking in human beings between the European Union and the African Union.
This policy document, adopted by the Executive Council of the African Union (AU) along with the African Common Position on Migration and Development 2006, articulates the AU’s overarching approach to migration.