The Khartoum Process is a platform for political cooperation amongst the countries along the migration route between the Horn of Africa and Europe.
The Khartoum Process was set up on 28 November 2014, at the Ministerial Conference held in Rome, Italy.
Also known as the EU-Horn of Africa Migration Route Initiative, the inter-continental consultation framework aims at:
- establishing a continuous dialogue for enhanced cooperation on migration and mobility
- identifying and implementing concrete projects to address trafficking in human beings and the smuggling of migrants
- giving a new impetus to the regional collaboration between countries of origin, transit and destination regarding the migration route between the Horn of Africa and Europe.
The objectives of the Khartoum Process
The Dialogue seeks to create:
a common understanding of human trafficking and smuggling of migrants
A focus on human trafficking and people smuggling
As per the Rome Declaration, the main focus of the dialogue is tackling human trafficking and people smuggling.
A mechanism to monitor the implementation of the Joint Valletta Action Plan
At the Valletta Summit on migration on 11-12 November 2015, the Khartoum Process has been mandated to monitor the implementation of the initiatives and actions under the Joint Valletta Action Plan for the period 2016-2018. Read more about the role of the Khartoum Process in monitoring the Valletta Action Plan.
For more details on the Khartoum Process actors, objectives, and recent meetings, you may access the Factsheet, available here.