Council of the European Union - Action Oriented Paper on strengthening the EU external dimension on action against trafficking in human beings, (19/ 11/2009- 11450/5/09 REV 5). The aim of the Action Oriented Paper (AOP) is to strengthen the commitment and coordinated action of the EU and the Member States to prevent and fight all forms of trafficking in human beings. This will be done in partnership with third countries, regions and organisations at the international level.
The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, adopted by General Assembly resolution 55/25 of 15 November 2000, is the main international instrument in the fight against transnational organized crime. The Convention is further supplemented by three Protocols, which target specific areas and manifestations of organized crime: the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children; the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air; and the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition. Countries must become parties to the Convention itself before they can become parties to any of the Protocols.
The Chair's Summary on the Steering Committee Meeting, which took place in London, on 23 November 2015. It includes a set of recommendations on the scope of the Khartoum Process; the establishment of a level of dialogue at the working level group; the mapping of the Khartoum objectives, including under the Valletta Declaration and Action Plan; funding options; the 'Better Migration Management' in support of the Khartoum Process; its timetable and composition; and the terms of reference of the Secretariat.
This new Directive reflects the European Union's approach to trafficking, rooted in a gender and human rights perspective, and focused on prevention, prosecution of criminals and protection of victims.
The Chair's conclusions of the second Informal Working Group, which took place in Rome on 8 July 2016. They include a summary of discussions on the outcome of the first Thematic Meeting, which took place in Khartoum on 24-25 May; information sharing on human trafficking and smuggling of migrants and the role of the proposed Regional Operational Centre; the progress on the implementation of several EU projects, including ‘Better Migration Management’ (BMM) and ‘Addressing Mixed Migration Flows’ (MMF); the outcome of the Valletta ‘stocktaking’ meeting, which took place in Brussels on 21-22 June; a brief update on the activities under the Regional Development and Protection Programmes (RDPP) and their link with the broader global agenda on protection and protracted displacement; future meetings timetable, agenda and host country.
African and EU leaders adopted a political declaration and a common action plan at the Valletta Summit on migration, in Malta, 12-15 November 2015.