SINCE is based on the first objective of the EU Trust Fund, namely to create greater economic and employment opportunities. It has the following aims:

Overall aim: to contribute to reducing irregular migration from Northern and Central Ethiopia by improving the living conditions of the most vulnerable population, including potential migrants and returnees with specific focus on youth and women

Specific aim: to create greater economic and employment opportunities especially for young people and women with a focus on urban areas, particularly Addis Ababa, in the most migration prone regions (Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, Tigray) of EthiopiaThe Embassy of Italy, assisted by AICS, requested UNIDO and ILO to conduct the socio-economic assessment (SEA) to identify potential intervention areas: Value Chains development, the most important sectors in terms of employment and GDP contribution and sectors with higher income and employment opportunities.

Strategic approach

One of the key strategic considerations of SINCE in its implementation is to foster and ensure an integrated approach, which can be declined into:

  • Full cooperation with the Ethiopian’s Government’s existing flagship programmes
  • Ethiopian multi-stakeholder involvement and ownership
  • Value chains strategy and geographically focussed interventions
  • Integrated services delivery (e.g. from training to active labour market policies for the support to employment)
  • Involvement of local authorities, civil society, local communities
  • Enhancement of Public Employment Services (PES)
  • Cooperation and coordination between private sector and Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) institutions through public-private partnerships (PPPs)
  • Synergies with already implemented and on-going projects (e.g. RDPP, Reset II, etc.)

Governance structure:

Inception Phase: (December 2016 to March 2017)

  • The project has created synergy with the Khartoum Process by:
  • Supporting Ethiopian migration policy based on the respect of human rights and of the most vulnerable groups
  • Involving the civil society
  • Strengthening the coordination between different initiatives and deepen knowledge of migration

Below the timeline of planned activiites for the SINCE project:

The regional project Better Migration Management (BMM) is implemented within the framework of the Khartoum Process. The programme aims at improving migration management in the region, and in particular to address the trafficking and smuggling of migrants within and from the Horn of Africa through 4 areas of intervention: 1) Policy Harmonisation, 2) Capacity Building, 3) Protection, 4) Awareness Raising:

  1. To strengthen national governments in pursuing a whole of government approach to migration and border governance with the aim to effectively address trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants, thus allowing for regional policy harmonization and cooperation in accordance with the relevant international conventions and standards as well as regional policy frameworks
  2. To strengthen the capacity of all institutions and agencies responsible for migration and border management
  3. To improve the identification, assistance and protection for Victims of Trafficking (Of victims of trafficking (VoT)) and vulnerable migrants, especially women and children, in the Horn of Africa
  4. To raise awareness of alternative livelihood options including safe migration It is funded with €40 million from the European Union Emergency Trust Fund (EUTF) HoA-Window and co-funded with €6 million from the German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).

It runs over a period of 3,5 years from April 2016 to September 2019 and it is implemented by a partnership of European and international organisations, coordinated by GIZ in a consortium with the British Council, Civipol, Expertise France, IOM, Italian ministry of Interior and UNODC.

The project covers Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Somalia,  as well as Uganda , and can facilitate regional activities in Egypt and Tunisia (in bold: members of the Khartoum Process).

The ultimate beneficiaries of BMM are potential and actual migrants, victims of trafficking and smuggling and other vulnerable groups such as children and women.

Key to the programme is the alignment with existing mechanisms and initiatives of the African Union Commission (AUC) and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).

For a list of relevant documents, please visit the website of the EU Trust Fund.

BMM Newsletters can be found here:

February 2019 issue

October 2018 issue

March 2018 issue

November 2017 issue

December 2016 issue

Addressing Mixed Migration Flows in East Africa (AMMi) is a project funded by the European Union Development and Cooperation Instrument with a total budget of €6 million, implemented in the framework of the Khartoum Process.

It is implemented by Expertise France, in partnership with the International Organization for Migration (IOM), The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) and the Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat (RMMS).

The project runs for 36 months over the period 2016-2019 and covers Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Egypt, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan

AMMF main objectives

  • To set-up and strengthen safe and rights-respectful centres for migrants
  • To tackle organised crime networks active in migrant smuggling and trafficking in human beings
  • To promote the provision of livelihoods and self-reliance opportunities for displaced persons and host communities 

Key activities in the Khartoum Process region to date

  1. Support established centres in Khartoum (Sudan), Obock (Djibouti), Bosasso and Hargeisa (Somalia).
  • Training to MRCs staff and government officials
  • Setting up mobile response teams
  • Provision of quality services
  • Provision of accurate information through awareness-raising
  • Explore the possibility of establishing a new centre  in Gedaref region (Eastern Sudan)
  1. Strengthening the response capacity of national authorities in addressing the needs of migrants in Eastern Africa:
  • Contracts signed with DRC for work in Somalia and Puntland, with kick off meeting held in May 2016
  • Kick-off meeting held in Djibouti in June 2016 with work plans developed
  • Recruitment of project employees underway

A series of ten country statements were produced as part of the AMMi project (available on the Expertise France website). These reports provide an updated overview of migrant smuggling and human trafficking trends and dynamics and the modus operandi of criminal networks involved in facilitating irregular migration.

The reports also highlight the capacity gaps and challenges faced by governments in the region in responding to these phenomena, informing the identification of capacity-building needs in the areas of data collection, analysis and information sharing. The research was funded by the European Commission Directorate General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO) in the context of the EU-Horn of Africa Migration Route Initiative (the Khartoum Process), with technical support from Expertise France.

 (in bold: members of the Khartoum Process)

The Migration and Mobility Dialogue (MMD) Support Project seeks to maximise the development potential of migration and mobility within Africa and between Africa and the EU and to provide comprehensive responses to migration and mobility, in full respect of human rights.

The project is funded by the European Union and implemented by the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD).

It runs for 40 months over the period 2015- 2019, on an overall budget of €19.5 million (€18,506,520 from the European Union and €1,000,000 from the Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC)).

Formally constituted at the Valletta Summit on Migration, held on 11-12 November 2015, the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF) addresses migration crises in the region of Sahel/Lake Chad, Horn of Africa and North Africa, encompassing a total of 23 countries.

The EU Trust Fund aims to support all aspects of stability and contribute to better migration management, as well as addressing the root causes of destabilisation, forced displacement and irregular migration, in particular by promoting resilience, economic and equal opportunities, security and development.

The total fund equates to €2.5 billion – with €2.42 billion from different financial instruments under the EU budget and the European Development Fund, and €82.1 million from Member States  and other donor contributions.

Projects and funding in the Horn of Africa 

The Fund will provide an initial budget of approximately 878.8 million for the Horn of Africa until 2020, including €100 million channelled through a Special Measure for Sudan. The East African region of the Trust Fund covers: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Uganda and Tanzania. (In bold: members of the Khartoum Process)

  1. Promoting a culture of tolerance and dialogue in Somalia (€5 million)
  2. Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Free Movement (€10 million) to facilitate the free movement of persons in the IGAD region in order to enhance regional economic integration and development.
  3. SINCE (Stemming Irregular Migration in Northern and Central Ethiopia) (€20 million): enhancing the living conditions of potential migrants and returnees this project aims to address the root causes of irregular migration in the regions of Tigray, Amhara, SNNPR and Oromia. This will be done by prioritising the creation of economic opportunities and job skills for vulnerable groups, in particular women and the youth. The project is being implemented by the Italian Development Cooperation (IDC).
  4. Health Pooled Fund (€20 million) in South Sudan.
  5. Better Migration Management (€40 million) aiming to improve migration management in the region, in particular to curb human trafficking and the smuggling of migrants.
  6. Strengthening IGAD's ability to promote resilience, by building its capacity to implement its regional resilience strategy more effectively, as well as at contributing to the upgrading of IGAD's administrative and financial systems, in line with international standards (EUR 5 million).
  7. Five Regional Development and Protection Programmes (RDPP) are implementing innovative approaches to improve the living conditions of Eritrean and Somali refugees (as well as other refugee groups) and their host communities. The actions will address the long-term development and protection needs of these groups (EUR 15 million in Kenya, EUR 30 million in Ethiopia, EUR 10 million in Uganda, EUR 50 million in Somalia and EUR 12 million in Sudan).
  8. Actions in Sudan aim to strengthen community resilience, social cohesion and peacebuilding in areas affected by flows of returnees as well as by internal displacement and refugees (EUR 13 million).
  9. In Ethiopia, interventions will improve food security and nutrition, access to basic services, livelihoods and Disaster Risk Management capacities (EUR 47 million).

Projects and funding in North Africa 

The North of Africa region of the EU Emergency Trust Fund comprises five countries: Algeria, EgyptLibya, Morroco and Tunisia. These are important countries of transit and destination for mixed migration flows from sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa and the Horn of Africa.

The EU, as reflected in the reviewed European Neighbourhood Policy, seeks to promote security, stability and prosperity, and thus contribute to the effective management of migration throughout North Africa. Countries in the region are primarily countries of destination and transit rather than of origin for migrants. For this reason, the actions undertaken in the North of Africa region through the Trust Fund will focus on Pillar III: improved migration management in countries of origin, transit and destination.

This Trust Fund support to the North of Africa region is managed by the Directorate General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations (DG NEAR). The Trust Fund envisages actions on a country, regional and cross-regional basis in close consultation and co-ordination with the relevant national authorities. In the North of Africa region, the Trust Fund aims more particularly to address five priorities for migration.

(in bold: members of the Khartoum Process)

For information on the Better Migration Management (BMM) project, please click here.

The EU Regional Development and Protection Programme (RDDP) in the Horn of Africa, led by the Netherlands, has been set up to improve protection and enhance development prospects of refugees, IDPs and local communities, aiming to offer an alternative to risks of irregular migration.

The Steering Committee of the RDPP consists of the European Union (EU) and its Member States, Norway and Switzerland. The programme is funded by the EU Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF), the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) and contributions by EU+ member states.

A flagship initiative of the Valletta Action Plan

Launched in June 2015, the RDPP is one of the flagship initiatives within the broader Valletta Action Plan. It aims to develop evidence-based, innovative and sustainable approaches, in partnership with governments in the region, to address the protection needs of refugees, internally displaced people (IDPs) and their host communities and to promote durable solutions for them that integrate the development needs of refugees and of the local population, where possible.

Ethiopia, Sudan and Kenya are key countries for the RDPP as they host large numbers of refugees from Eritrea, Somalia and South Sudan. In these countries, the RDPP aims to provide improved prospects for refugees as well as host communities with a view to allow beneficiaries to be able to provide for their own livelihood.

Actions in Somalia are tailored to reach durable solutions by improving migration management, addressing state fragility in areas of return, and enabling and facilitating voluntary repatriation of Somali refugees from Kenyan refugee camps.

Towards scaling up

The RDPP will pilot innovative actions that have the potential to be scaled up. It will require real-time monitoring and evaluation to assess the effectiveness of these actions and to enable the RDPP to adapt or redirect the programme if needed. 

To promote political buy-in and generate additional lessons learned, the RDPP also encourages exchange of knowledge and expertise between the countries in the Horn of Africa. For instance, the RDPP plans to hold regional meetings bringing together a range of different stakeholders, such as local authorities and experts from ministries in the region.

EU Regional Development and Protection Programme (RDDP) Horn of Africa Framework

Overall Objective

Create evidence-based, innovative and sustainable protection and development approaches for refugees and their host communities in Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Somalia and Uganda.

Based on the country-specific context, choice of pillars and outcomes is further defined per country.

Pillar 1: Capacity-building

Strengthen capacity of local and central authorities to develop and implement an integrated approach towards refugees, host communities and mixed migration.

Pillar 2: Protection

Strengthen comprehensive protection approach for refugees in different settings and their host communities, with specific emphasis on vulnerable groups.

Pillar 3: Integrated services

Improve social cohesion by promoting access to integrated services delivery for both host communities and refugees (in and out of camp).

Pillar 4: Socio-economic development

Improve livelihood and employment opportunities for both refugees (in and out of camp) and host communities, with specific emphasis on youth.